Abandonnez-vous à la fortune was composed in May 1917 and dedicated to Etsuko Terasaki. In the program notes for the recital of his works in July 1917, a type of Japanese short poem called a tanka was cited. Yamada explained in the program notes that this tanka was the source of inspiration for this piece.
However, not only the tanka from the program notes, but one more tanka as well can be found on the original manuscript, which is assumed to be written by Etsuko Terasaki.
It has been speculated that Yamada’s affection towards Etsuko as a person might have deepen during the period of the composition of this piece. With this in mind, these tankas and this piece can be seen as a means to witness the growing intimacy between Yamada and Etsuko.